ICNALE: The International Corpus Network of Asian Learners of English
A collection of 1.3M words of controlled essays written by English learners in 10 countries and areas in Asia.
Project Leader: Dr. Shin'ichiro Ishikawa, Kobe University, Japan

International Symposium
Learner Corpus Studies in Asia and the World (LCSAW) 2014
May 31- June 1, 2014 (Kobe, Japan)

Last updated 2014/06/15

The LCSAW2014 has ended in great success with more than 30 presentations and approx. 140 attendees in total. Thank you very much for your participation. See you in the next LCSAW Symposium.

We are pleased to announce the Learner Corpus Studies in Asia and the World 2014 (LCSAW2014) to be held from May 31 to June 1, 2014 at Kobe, Japan, following our successful meeting in 2013. It is a great pleasure for us to have Dr. Tony McEnery and Dr. Andrew Hardie, who are known to be the authors of Corpus Linguistics: Method, Theory, and Practice (CUP, 2012) as well as Dr. Tomoko Kaneko, a leader of LINDESI-JP (Louvain International Database of Spoken English Interlanguage, Japanese Module) Project as our keynote speakers.

The LCSAW Symposiums are held as a part of the ICNALE (The International Corpus Network of Asian Learners of English) Project led by Dr. Shin Ishikawa, Kobe University.

The aim of the LCSAW2013 was to discuss varied aspects of learner corpus studies especially in Asian contexts. The LCSAW2014 focuses on the relationship between general corpus studies and learner corpus studies, and on the expanding possibilities of spoken learner corpora. The LCSAW2014 also commemorates the publication of Gaisetsu: Kopasu Gengogaku (2014, Hitsuji Shobo), which is the Japanese version of Corpus Linguistics: Method, Theory, and Practice.

This symposium is supported by the MEXT's Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), April 2013 to March 2016, No.25284104.

Conference Flyer (in English)

Conference Flyer (in Japanese)

Conference Program (V0510) NB: Subject to Change

Online Registration for LCSAW2014 (Participation Fee: Free)

Thank you for your interest in the LCSAW2014. Participation fee is free, but you need to register in advance. We are looking forward to welcoming you in Kobe, Japan. Please complete your registration by May 15.

For Participants (Travel Guide)

Venue, Travel, and Accommodation

Kobe University, Centennial Hall (1-2-1, Tsurukabuto, Nada-ku, Kobe, Japan 600-8234)


From Kansai International Airport to Kobe University (Approx. 60-70 Mins)
To the Centennial Hall (#37)

For Participants (Travel Guide)


There are many hotels in the city center. It takes 15-30 minutes from the city center to the University by a train and a bus.

Several hotels for your reference
Hotel Okura Kobe
Kobe Meriken Park Oriental Hotel
ANA Crown Plaza Kobe

Registration and Participation Fee


Registration is needed.
Online Registration for LCSAW2014 (Participation Fee: Free)

Participation Fee



Day 1 (Saturday, May 31)

Even if you come earlier, you cannot enter the conference hall. So, please do not come so early!


Day 2 (Sunday, June 1)


Conference Program (V0510) NB: Subject to Change

Invited Plenary Speakers

Dr. Tony McEnery (UK)

Keynote Speech 1. International availability of corpus resources: a comparison of the UK and Asia, with special focus on China
Keynote Speech 2. Applying corpus methods in the social sciences

Dr. Tony McEnery is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Lancaster University, UK. His latest publications include Corpus linguistics: method, theory and practice, "Sketching Muslims: a corpus driven analysis of representations around the word ‘Muslim’ in the British press 1998–2009," and "London 2012 media impact study: Report for the Department for Culture Media and Sport."

Dr. Andrew Hardie (UK)

Keynote Speech 3. XML encoding for spoken learner (and other) corpora: a modest approach
Keynote Speech 4. Rethinking basic statistical techniques in corpus analysis

Dr. Andrew Hardie is Lecturer at Lancaster University, as well as Deputy Director of the ESRC Centre for Corpus Approaches to Social Science, and the Chair of UCREL. His major specialism is corpus linguistics - specifically, the methodology of corpus linguistics, and how it can be applied to different areas of study in linguistics and beyond. His recent publications include Corpus Linguistics: method, theory and practice, "Spatializing and analysing digital texts: corpora, GIS and places," "Automatically analysing large texts in a GIS environment," and "CQPweb - combining power, flexibility and usability in a corpus analysis tool."

Dr. Tomoko Kaneko (Japan)

Keynote Speech 5. Comparison of ICLE-J and LINDSEI-J

Dr. Tomoko Kaneko is Vice President and Professor of English and SLA at Showa Women's University, Tokyo, Japan. She is a leader of the LINDSEI-JP Project. Her latest publications include A Handbook of Learner Corpus Research, and Use of Englsih by Japanese Learners of English: Study of Errors.

* All the speech titles are tentative and subject to change.
* Pictures of the speakers are obtained from the official websites of Lancaster University, and Institute of Language , Education, and Culture.


Accepted Papers (As of 2014/05/10)

Development of Learner Corpora

Design of the ICNALE-Spoken: A New Database for Multi-modal Contrastive Interlanguage Analysis
Shin’ichiro ISHIKAWA

Arabic Learner Corpus (ALC) v2 ―A New Written and Spoken Corpus of Arabic Learners―

Designing and Compiling an EFL Spoken Corpus for Assessment and Pedagogical Purposes
Kornwipa POONPON

Building and Analysis of Asian English Speech Corpus: Japanese Speakers’ Phonemic Recognition of English Consonants
Mariko KONDO, Hajime TSUBAKI, Takayuki KONISHI, Yoshinori SAGISAKA

A Design of the Spontaneous Chinese Learner Speech Corpus
Chen-huei WU, Chilin SHIH

Machine-based Analysis of Learner Corpora

Ordering of Elements in Learner Corpora
Michael BARLOW

Uncovering Collocation Errors by Using Automatic Collocation Extraction and Comparison
Hao-jan CHEN

Automatically Identifying the Syntactic Criterial Features and Error Patterns in the LTTC Learner English Corpus
Zhao-Ming GAO

A Machine Learning Approach to the Effects of Writing Task Prompts
Yuichiro KOBAYASHI, Mariko ABE

Building a Paraphrase Dataset for Language Learners: Paraphrase Extraction with Document Structure Model
Wangjie WANG

Chinese Adverb Processing in Japanese-to-Chinese Machine Translation
Ying ZHANG, Gaojie PENG

Corpus-based Analysis of Learners’ Speeches

A Preliminary Investigation of /CC/ Clusters Acquisition by Japanese Learners of French Using Oral Corpora ―Methodological Insights―
Sylvain DETEY, Mariko KONDO, Isabelle RACINE, Yuji KAWAGUCHI

Is VOICE a Good Role Model for English Users in Japan?
Toshihiko UEMURA

Analyzing Speech Pauses and Facial Movement Patterns in Multimodal Public-Speaking Data of EFL Learners
Miharu FUYUNO, Yuko YAMASHITA, Yoshikiyo KAWASE, Yoshitaka NAKAJIMA

Gender Differences in the ICNALE-Spoken Baby ―Who Uses Hesitators and Hedges?―

Corpus-based Analysis of Learners’ Writing

Assessing Lexical Diversity Measures in Short Second Language Production ―Using Japanese EFL Essay Writing in the ICNALE―
Takumi ISHII

Author Stance in Doctoral Dissertations of Native and Non-Native Speakers of English ―A Corpus-Based Study on Epistemic Nouns―
Reyhan AĞÇAM

The Use and Misuse of the Aspect Form –teiru by Learners of Japanese as a Second Language

Persuasive Features in Reviews Written by EFL Students

A Corpus-Driven Study of the Use of Linking Adverbials Between Native Speakers and EFL Learners ―What is Missing?―
Ignace Yuan-peng FAN

A Learner Corpus Investigation on the Use of Adverb Types in Academic Vocabulary

Asian Learners’ Use of Prepositions and -ly Adverbs ―A Study Based on the ICNALE―
Takashi OGATA, Koichi KAWAMURA

A Corpus-based Study on Chinese EFL Learners’ Usage of Preposition from Co-selection Theory
Haixi GONG, Jianguo TIAN

Study on Collocational Framework of Chinese English Learners from the Perspective of Phraseology
Xin CHEN, Jianguo TIAN

A Comparison of Phrase Structures in Learner and Native English Writing
Daisuke ABE

Key Colligation Analysis of 10 Types of Asian Learner English and Two Types of Native English
Nozomi MIKI

Japanese Learners and the S-genitive: A Corpus-based Study
Simon COLE

A Corpus-based Comparative Study on Malaysian Learners’ Writing
Siti Aeisha JOHARRY

Re-investigating the Grammatical Features of Philippine English

Important Dates

Call For Papers (By February 15, 2014)

The LCSAW Symposiums have aimed to discuss learner corpus studies in Asian contexts from varied theoretical and practical perspectives. Although the LCSAW2014 puts a special emphasis on (i) the relationship between general corpus studies and learner corpus studies, and (ii) the expanding possibilities of spoken learner corpora, we are happy to consider submissions concerning the learner corpus studies of any type. Research works based on non-English learner corpora are also welcomed. Accepted papers will be published in the conference proceedings. The LCSAW2014 Organizing Committee cordially invites potential participants to send in a 100-150 word abstract as well as your personal information via online form no later than February 15, 2014.

Paper Submission (By April 15, 2014)

Accepted presenters need to send a full paper by April 2014. All the manuscript will be peer-reviewed.
Full paper template (for MS Word 2007/2010 and MS Word 2003).
The length: 6 to 13 pages
After the review, you will be asked to send a revised camera-ready version by April 30.

Registration (From April 1 to May 15, 2014)

Online Registration for LCSAW2014

If you need an entry visa to Japan, please send your info from the link below and contact the organizer.
We cannot accept an invitation letter request after May 10.
Invitation Letter Request Form

Symposium (May 31 to June 1, 2014)

Authors need to attend the symposium and make an oral presentation. All papers will be allotted 20 minutes for presentation followed by a 5-minute discussion (Depends on the number of accepted papers).

For Participants (Travel Guide)

If you like to cancel your presentation, contact the organizer ASAP.
The presentation hall is equipped with a Windows 7 notebook computer . You can use the MS Powerpoint 2010 and other Office programs. Please do not forget to bring your ppt data.


The conference proceedings with an ISSN is published. Paper wil also be included an E-archive of Library of Kobe University.

  Ishikawa, S. (Ed.). (2014). Learner corpus studies in Asia and the world. Vol. 2. Papers from LCSAW2014 (Kobe, Japan: School of Languages & Communication, Kobe University). Approx. 450 pages.

ISSN 2187-6764

Table of Contents (Vol. 2)

Table of Contents (Vol. 1)


The symposium is supported by MEXT's Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, School of Languages & Communication, Kobe University, Intercultural Research Center, Kobe University, , Hyogo Prefectural Board of Education, and Hitsuji Shobo.